The american juvenile justice system is the primary system used to handle minors who are convicted of criminal offenses the system is composed of a federal and many separate state territorial and local jurisdictions with states and the federal government sharing sovereign police power under the common authority of the united states constitution. American juvenile justice is a definitive volume for courses on the criminology and policy analysis of adolescence the focus is on the principles and policy of a separate and distinct system of juvenile justice the book opens with an introduction of the creation of adolescence presenting a justification for the category of the juvenile or a period of partial responsibility before full adulthood. America witnessed their first juvenile court in illinois in the year 1899 few members of the chicago womens club like julia lathrop lucy flower and jane addams were the reason for the creation of this court these women later acted as the advisors for the juvenile offenders the juveniles were most deserving for rehabilitation than the adults being the central assumption paved way for the modern juvenile justice system emerging of courts laid the foundation for this. Josie and around the 1960s the juvenile justice system starts to kind of reflect the same terrors of the adult system all of these kind of still persist today so children with mental health problems and learning disabilities were disproportionately ending up in the juvenile justice system black and brown kids obviously particularly boys were finding themselves facing harsher punishments and while there were voices in the 1970s pushing for alternative programs and sort of
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